History of Armenia

Armenian–Turkish relations during the decline of the Ottoman Empire

Supported by Armenia, it tried to breakaway from Azerbaijan in 1994 sparking a bloody warfare between the two nations. A Russian brokered ceasefire was signed in 1994, however recent fighting broke out this year.

Masses of Armenians migrated to Cilicia and the Catholicosate was established there. The seat of the church (now generally known as the Catholicosate of the Great House of Cilicia) was first established in Sivas (AD 1058) transferring to Tavbloor (1062), then to Dzamendav (1066), Dzovk (1116), Hromgla (1149), and eventually to Sis (1293), then-capital of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia.


French and several other other languages have also begun to be studied and used. Kurmanji is the most important minority language of Armenia spoken by the Yazidi minority. Other minority languages acknowledged by the Armenian government are Assyrian, Greek, and Russian. Page about Armenia’s rich historical past by the Armenian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Armenia is a republic with a semi-presidential governing system.

They have also their own alphabet and language, which is assessed as an unbiased branch of the Indo-European language household. The Armenian language is a subject of curiosity and debate among linguists for its distinctive phonological developments inside Indo-European languages and for its affinity to Balkan languages similar to Greek and Albanian. The historic homeland of the Armenians sits north of the Fertile Crescent, a area of substantial importance to fashionable human evolution. “Армяне на Земле обетованной [Armenians within the Promised Land]”. Archived from the original on 6 November 2017.

Ottoman conquest

Each diocese is made up of parishes and smaller communities. The three aforementioned historic hierarchical sees administer to the dioceses under their jurisdiction as they see match, whereas there is only religious authority of the Catholicosate of All Armenians. The Armenian Patriarchate of Jerusalem which has jurisdiction over the entire Holy Lands and the Diocese of Jordan, is led by Patriarch Archbishop Nourhan Manougian. The Armenian Apostolic Church is the central spiritual authority for the Armenian Orthodox population in Armenia as well as for Armenian Orthodox communities worldwide. It is usually known as the Armenian Orthodox Church or Gregorian Church.

There is, nevertheless, a minority of ethnic Armenian Muslims, generally known as Hamshenis, the overwhelming majority of which stay outside of Armenia largely in Turkey and Russia. Azeris and Kurds residing in Armenia traditionally practiced Islam, however most Azeris have fled the country because of the Nagorno-Karabakh War. In 2009, the Pew Research Center estimated that less beautiful armenian women than 0.1% of the population, or about 1,000 individuals, have been Muslims. According to the Census of 2011, there are 7,587 adherents of Eastern Orthodoxy in Armenia, primarily Russians, Ukrainians, Georgians and Greeks.[1] Russian Orthodox neighborhood is centered around Church of the Intercession of the Holy Mother of God in Yerevan, consecrated in 1912.

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Armenians collect at Theater Square in central Yerevan to assert unification of Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast with the Armenian SSR. During the 1230s, the Mongol Empire conquered Zakarid Armenia after which the rest of Armenia. The Mongolian invasions had been soon followed by these of different Central Asian tribes, such as the Kara Koyunlu, Timurid dynasty and Ağ Qoyunlu, which continued from the thirteenth century until the 15th century.

The Armenian question earlier than the Peace convention. [New York, Press Bureau, The Armenian National Union of America. Edwards, Robert W., “Settlements and Toponymy in Armenian Cilicia”, Revue des Études Arméniennes 24, 1993, pp. . Armenia confronted many challenges during its first years as a sovereign state.

Women within the Armenian Church

Archived from the unique on 1 February 2015. ) (September 18, 1895 –May sixteen, 1971) was a leading prelate of the Armenian Catholic Church. He served as Patriarch Catholicos of Cilicia for Armenian Catholics from 1937 to 1962, and Prefect of the Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith (Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples) in the Roman Curia from 1958 to 1970.


The GDP fell nearly 60% between 1989 and 1993, but then resumed robust progress after the power plant was reopened in 1995.[145] The nationwide forex, the dram, suffered hyperinflation for the primary years after its introduction in 1993. Active forces now number about 81,000 soldiers, with a further reserve of 32,000 troops.

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Many of those chants are historical in origin, extending to pre-Christian occasions, while others are comparatively trendy, together with a number of composed by Saint Mesrop Mashtots, the inventor of the Armenian alphabet. Whilst underneath Soviet rule, the Armenian classical music composer Aram Khatchaturian became internationally well-known for his music, for various ballets and the Sabre Dance from his composition for the ballet Gayane. ), are a congregation of Benedictine monks of the Armenian Catholic Church based in 1712 by Mekhitar of Sebaste. They are greatest identified for his or her sequence of scholarly publications of historic Armenian variations of in any other case misplaced historic Greek texts. Like different newly independent states of the former Soviet Union, Armenia’s economy suffers from the breakdown of former Soviet buying and selling patterns.

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